The perspectives and methods used in medical education in Canada saw substantial modifications in the first two decades of the twenty-first century.
Most medical schools have authorized curriculum alterations that will allow degree candidates more direct control over the direction of their studies.
The top ten medical schools in Canada are listed here, and among the innovations they use include small group discussions and observations, active and recursive learning models, peer and faculty mentoring, one-on-one evaluations, and more time for elective interests.
In Canadian medical curricula, the terms “undergraduate” and “postgraduate” refer to the MD degree and the residency and fellowship programs, respectively.
The words “graduate” and “postdoctoral,” just like in the US, refer to degrees like a Master of Science or PhD program.
Not every program requires the same things of applicants. CASPer test results are required by some colleges, MCAT scores are required by some departments, and some departments require both.
A lawful permanent residence or citizenship may be required. Some programs don’t accept applicants from other nations; they only accept applications from their province or region.
Those that do accept international applications do not guarantee eligibility for the Canadian residency match scheme for physicians.
Canadian medical schools are among the best in the world in terms of research, community involvement, and curricular innovation. This ranking of the top schools shows that excellent medical degrees are available all across Canada, from British Columbia to the Northwest Territories and the maritime regions of the Northeast.
These are Canada’s top 10 medical schools, as determined by their rating on Maclean’s list of the best Canadian medical schools. Maclean’s is a renowned Canadian news source.
Western University’s Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry
The Schulich School of Medicine at Western University has been training medical professionals since the 19th century. A dental school was added in 1964.
In addition to a number of other significant research facilities in the fields of biomedical imaging, cancer, maternity and family health, and neurology, Schulich is home to the Robarts Research Institute.
The program at Schulich uses competency-based medical education models.
The curriculum evaluates students’ tool and training proficiency, promoting the growth and long-term retention of a practical body of professional knowledge.
This relatively recent approach is an example of the efforts made by medical schools and administrations to create a system that fosters lifelong learning and has built-in frameworks to provide students the time they need to master different skills and concepts.
A four-year undergraduate degree is necessary for admission to Schulich even though there is no defined major or course of study. MCAT test results, an interview, and Canadian citizenship or permanent residency status are among the additional criteria for admission.
Western University in London, Ontario
Western University in London, Ontario, is a short drive from Detroit, Toronto, and Buffalo. The medical research carried out at Western University and the institutions linked with it significantly boosts the town’s economy.
Dr. Chil-Yong Kang’s vaccine, one of the only ones being created anywhere in the world, underwent Phase I clinical trials in 2013 at Schulich.
University of Ottawa School of Medicine (Ottawa, ON)
The University of Ottawa is a renowned research university with 42,000 students and is located in the capital of Canada. Its faculty is renowned for its breadth and depth.
The University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine offers an MD program in both French and English. There are a few openings each year in a combined MD/PhD program that lasts seven years.
Within the medical school, candidates have a choice of twelve specializations, including anesthesiology, pathology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and others.
Numerous advancements in medicine have been made because to Ottawa, including Canada’s first artificial heart transplant. The space and assistance for these activities are provided by the Ottawa Research Institute as well as numerous specialty clinics in fields like mental health and palliative care.
The University of Ottawa’s admissions office has set a requirement that prospective applicants must have completed at least three years of undergraduate study, including the required number of credits in each area.
Candidates must be Canadian citizens or be eligible for permanent residency. The CASPer test is necessary for admission to Ottawa while the MCAT exam is not.
University of Calgary’s Faculty of Medicine (Calgary, AB)
The Cumming School of Medicine at the University of Calgary in Alberta has revised its medical curriculum under the direction of the RIME, or Re-imagining Medical Education initiative.
Early clinical experience, a focus on generalist skills, and strong scaffolding for medical candidates serve as the foundation for this unique approach to medical education.
Candidates must be Canadian citizens or permanent residents; for intellectual and financial reasons, Albertans are given preference in terms of residence.
The MCAT scores and a series of mini-interviews are crucial elements of the admission process.
In keeping with Calgary’s geographic location, the school offers students interested in practicing rural medicine rotations as well as specialized programs and help.
Calgary demonstrates its commitment to Indigenous medicine by providing clinical services, training medical professionals in the sector, and recruiting Indigenous students as future doctors through school visits, job fairs, camps, and workshops.
Only a few clinical specializations include emergency medicine, family practice, critical care, neuroscience, and medical genetics.
With a recent $100 million private gift that the Alberta government matched, the Cumming School of Medicine is now well-positioned to enter its next 50 years. The institution was once a part of a drive to expand healthcare education across Canada in the middle of the 20th century.
University of Dalhousie’s medical school (Halifax, NS)
Distributed learning, which encompasses education across a variety of clinical and community activities, is incorporated into the recently redesigned curriculum at Dalhousie Faculty of Medicine in the Maritimes.
With over 600 Dalhousie residents and specialists providing care in clinical settings all around the region, this organization cultivates flexible medical professionals who may draw on a wide breadth of experience and knowledge.
Students at Dalhousie start interacting with volunteers and fictitious patients in the first several weeks of the program. The Health Mentors program, which matches Dalhousie students with volunteer patients with chronic health issues so they may hear their stories and learn from them, can help future medical professionals understand what patients want and expect from long-term care.
400+ MD students at Dalhousie are primarily from Maritime Canada, notably Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island.
Dalhousie uses a broad approach that encourages team assistance and group problem-solving to train individual doctors who are ready to develop and thrive within a close-knit medical community.
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Alberta (Edmonton, AB)
The Edmonton, Alberta-based school’s curriculum emphasizes learner input and experience, developing problem-solving abilities, and teamwork.
Each of the program’s four years includes more clinical experience in an effort to develop the skills needed for a successful practitioner.
On campus, there are more than 24 research facilities that study a wide range of medical issues, including nuclear magnetic resonance and diabetes.
Candidates must take the MCAT and CASPer exams, and they must be Canadian nationals or legal residents. The admissions office exhibits a keen interest in applicants’ volunteer and paid employment history as well. A number of positions are only open to eligible candidates from rural Alberta.
The agency oversees the Indigenous Health Initiatives Program, a program for rural and regional health, and a military medical training program. The University of Alberta Health Hub & Accelerator functions as a sort of think tank for medical commerce, developing health-related enterprises for the benefit of students, the institution, and the general public.
Queen’s School of Medicine (Kingston, ON
The Faculty of Health Sciences at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario is home to the Queen’s School of Medicine.
In addition to the MD program, Queen’s also offers combined degrees that allow students to gain advanced research skills in fields including neurology, public health, pathology, or translational medicine.
Each year, 100 applicants are accepted into Queen’s four-year MD program. Only five of those slots are open to international students who are not Canadian citizens; all other applicants must be Canadian citizens or permanent residents. Admissions asks MCAT and CASPer scores as well as candidates’ GPA criteria.
The curriculum adheres to competency-based training approaches, which are distinguished by flexible scheduling, individualized learning plans, and regular instructor evaluation.
Students can train in low-risk but realistic clinical scenarios thanks to a cutting-edge medical simulation facility.
At Kingston General Hospital, Hotel Dieu Hospital, Province Continuing Care Center, as well as the Kingston Regional Cancer Center, where students can pursue radiation therapy training or take part in the center’s crucial current research, Queen’s students gain clinical experience.
McMaster College Medical School of the Michael G. DeGroote (Hamilton, ON)
McMaster College Captain108 from McMaster University’s Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, MDCL Building, CC BY-SA 4.0
A unique three-year MD curriculum is provided at the DeGroote School of Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. The problem-based curriculum awards applicants their medical degrees at the conclusion of the third year because it follows an 11-month calendar.
Instead of through lectures, students acquire fundamental concepts by learning how to evaluate patient presentations. The instructional framework is provided via small group lectures that resemble group orientation in clinical settings.
Each year, McMaster admits more than 200 medical candidates. Candidates should have passed the MCAT and CASPer exams in addition to having finished three years of undergraduate university coursework. Although they are welcome to apply, international students may not be accepted into the Canadian Residency Matching Program.
Students may choose to pursue an MD/PhD dual degree through the medical school and the departments of biochemistry, neurosciences, chemical biology, biomedical engineering, health research methods, or health policy, but they must first be accepted to both graduate programs independently.
The Faculty of Medicine at the University of British Columbia (Vancouver, BC)
The creation of a midwifery school and the sequencing of the SARS genome are only two examples of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of British Columbia’s groundbreaking research and innovation in the twenty-first century.
Students at UBC who are pursuing careers as physicians, researchers, and other medical professionals across the province receive training from more than 12,000 staff and faculty members.
288 new students are housed across four different campus locations, with the majority attending the Vancouver Fraser campus.
At Vancouver General Hospital, students can do clinical rotations, or they can take part in integrated clerkships where they accompany patients as they go through their course of treatment in a community clinic.
You can apply if you’re a resident of British Columbia, the Yukon, or the Northwest Territories. There might be a few openings available for Canadian applicants from outside the province. International applicants are not accepted by the UBC School of Medicine.
Temerty Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto (Toronto, ON)
Temerty Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto
According to U.S. News, the Temerty Faculty of Medicine’s MD program at the University of Toronto is ranked #5 globally among medical schools, alongside institutions like Harvard, Stanford, and Johns Hopkins.
The curriculum once more uses an evidence-based approach to material delivery and a student-centered methodology. The advantages of a large, urban, research university are still available to students while four academies enable more intimate learning environments.
Beyond the MD, students have a variety of collaborative degree options, such as the Comprehensive Research Experience for Medical Students, the MD/PhD, the MD/MEng, and the MD/MSc Systems Leadership and Innovation (CREMS).
Candidates who want to become practitioners can participate in CREMS and learn research techniques and methods from eminent medical researchers at the University of Toronto.
International candidates with a Canadian government study permission are accepted by UT.
The candidate must provide proof that they can afford tuition in order to be granted such a permission.
The requirements for application include at least three years of study toward a Bachelor’s degree with a solid GPA, many prerequisite courses, and competitive MCAT scores.
The Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at McGill University (Montreal, QC)
There are more than 30 departments at the McGill University Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences that train different sorts of healthcare workers.
The study of the brain, tropical diseases, autism, genetics, and other topics are the focus of numerous research institutions. Medical students receive practical training from the Steinberg Centre for Simulation and Interactive Learning, enabling them to confidently concentrate on patients in clinical settings.
Students at McGill have a choice between the Gatineau site and the English-speaking campus in Montreal (French-speaking).
Combination degrees include the seven-year MDCM & PhD program, the Med-P program, which consists of a year of science-related coursework prior to the four-year MDCM program, and the MDCM & OMFS, which combines an oral and maxillofacial surgery program with a doctor of medicine and master of surgery program.
Despite its strict admissions policy, McGill welcomes applications from applicants from all throughout Canada and internationally. A competitive GPA, the MCAT, and the CASPer examinations are prerequisites, in addition to several mini interviews.
The first medical faculty in Canada, the McGill Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, was founded in 1829.
In addition to prominent teaching hospitals like the Jewish General Hospital, St. Mary’s Hospital Center, and the Douglas Mental Health Center, the department continues to be a top medical research university in Canada.