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Home » History; Who colonized Ghana? Who colonized Angola?

History; Who colonized Ghana? Who colonized Angola?

    Who colonized Ghana? Who colonized Angola?

    Who colonized Ghana? Who colonized Angola? Ghana and Angola were both colonized. Angola was colonized by the Portuguese, while Ghana was colonized by the British who came to Africa from the 1400s onwards to seek gold, silver, and slaves. 


    The Portuguese also conquered some of West Africa’s other present-day countries, including Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe (Sao Tome e Principe). 

    However, they never colonized Ghana or Angola as successfully as they did in many other places. 

    In fact, by the end of their colonial period, most of these two countries had won their independence from Portugal’s control in relatively short order.

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    About the Colonialism of Ghana

    The first Europeans to arrive in Ghana were the Portuguese in the 15th century, who came in search of gold, they were followed by the British, who established the Gold Coast colony in 1874. 

    The British colonized Ghana because they wanted to have a foothold in West Africa and control the trade routes. 


    The British also wanted to stop the slave trade. Ghana was a British colony until 1957 when it became independent. 

    In 1963, there was a military coup that overthrew Kwame Nkrumah’s government. From 1964-1972, Ghana faced many struggles with its economy. In 1972, there was another military coup that overthrew the government again. 

    There has been much instability since then in the country’s politics; even today there is a conflict between those who want democracy and those who prefer socialism or military rule. 

    When the English first arrived in Ghana, they had already begun to colonize what is now known as Nigeria. 

    Nigeria officially became an English colony in 1861 and remained one for nearly eighty years. Then Nigeria got its independence from England on October 1st, 1960. 

    It was only thirteen years later that this nation would once again be ruled by colonialism as Germany took over their government after some time of social unrest caused by protests against inequality within their society.

    About the Colonialism of Angola

    Angola was a Portuguese colony from the 16th century to 1975, the country was inhabited by various indigenous peoples before the arrival of the Portuguese, who began to establish trading posts along the coast in the 15th century. 

    Angola’s strategic location made it an important stop on the Atlantic slave trade route, and the Portuguese began to import slaves from other parts of Africa to work in their colonies. 

    Angola became a major source of slaves for the Portuguese Empire and remained so until the 19th century when it was finally abolished.

    However, Portugal re-colonized Angola following its independence and eventually came under the rule of dictator António Salazar. 

    He continued to dominate political life there until 1974 when the Carnation Revolution overthrew his regime. 

    The newly formed Republica Popular de Angola did not recognize Portugal as having any right to continue ruling over its former territory. 

    After years of negotiations between both countries, they agreed that there would be an administrative authority in charge of handling matters concerning bilateral relations between them, but with no power over Angolan internal affairs or external affairs outside its borders. 

    In 2002, after another independence referendum led to new elections, Jose Eduardo dos Santos took office and is still the current president of Angola.

    For over 500 years, Africa was dominated by European countries. Colonizers, such as Portugal and Spain, started exploring Africa in 1415 when they wanted to expand their trade routes. Over time, European traders went further into Africa and made agreements with African kingdoms to get access to gold and other natural resources.

    Over time, European countries (mainly Portugal and Great Britain) took over parts of Africa.

    Many African countries became colonies because they were economically dependent on their European rulers. 

    They also used military force to conquer large areas of land. In 1884, Germany declared that it had colonies in Africa, called Deutsch-Südwestafrika. 

    When Germany lost World War I in 1918, its colonies were taken away by France and Britain.

    After World War II, many countries in Africa became independent. Some colonies became separate countries, while others joined together with their neighbors to form bigger nations.

    About some Other Portuguese Colonies 

    Portugal had many colonies during its imperial era, including Brazil, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau. 

    All of these colonies were in Africa except for Brazil, which is in South America. Portugal also had a colony in India, but this was lost to the British in the 18th century. 

    The Portuguese empire was largest in the 16th and 17th centuries, but it began to decline in the 18th century due to competition from other European powers. 

    The Portuguese eventually lost all their African colonies after wars with other colonial powers, such as France. 

    In the 19th century, Brazil became independent from Portugal, leading to the collapse of the Brazilian Empire. 

    In the 20th century, most of Portugal’s remaining colonies achieved independence after several nationalist uprisings. 

    The Portuguese Congo (now called the Democratic Republic of Congo) gained independence in 1960; East Timor (now called Timor-Leste) 

    gained independence in 2002, and Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1975.

    Some regions of Indonesia were Portuguese colonies as well. The Portuguese influence in Indonesia, along with a shared heritage between these two countries, has helped to shape many aspects of contemporary Indonesian culture, including its language and literature.

     The colonies that Portugal founded and ruled in India from 1500 until 1954 have left a cultural influence on many parts of India, in addition to Portuguese spoken by older generations of Goans, these include Indo-Portuguese architecture, cuisine, and music.

     When India became independent from Britain in 1947, most of Portugal’s remaining colonies gained independence as well. The last one, Macau, was handed over to China in 1999. 

    The only places still under formal Portuguese rule are Cabo Verde, an island nation off the coast of West Africa; Madeira and Azores islands off the coast of the North Atlantic Ocean; and São Tomé e Príncipe.


    The Portuguese were the first Europeans to colonize Ghana and Angola. 

    However, the British took control of Ghana in the early 1900s, and they held onto it until Ghana gained independence in 1957, Angola was also under Portuguese rule until 1975 when it finally gained independence, while Portugal was the only European country that controlled both countries at one point in time.